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National Geographic Conditions Monitoring

Source:NASG    Time:2013-12-20 14:21:12

National geographic conditions refer to information generated through observation of the elements of national conditions in terms of nature and humanity from the perspectives of geographic space distribution rules and distribution status. It is not only important fundamental national conditions, but also the key basis for making decisions in macroeconomic regulation and promoting sustainable development. It is also an important support for building responsible government and service-oriented government, therefore, it is of great importance to deployment of industrialization and urbanization, overall planning and rational utilization of the land development space as well as effective promotion of major projects, etc. Monitoring of national geographic conditions refers to, from the perspective of geographic space, analyzing, studying and describing national conditions, recording and analyzing the changes of national geographic conditions, carrying out dynamic monitoring on important geographic features, releasing monitoring results and analysis reports in a timely manner so as to provide a basis for scientific development.

1. Pilot projects for monitoring of national geographic conditions

Since March 2011, NASG has organized national, provincial and city-level pilot projects for monitoring of national geographic conditions, and conducted preliminary studies on classification indicators, technical system and working mechanism for the monitoring, gave priority to the pilot projects that are closely related to national economy and social development as well as sensitive and thorny issues that the governments and the general public are concerned with and pay attention to, and made some preliminary achievements. Shaanxi Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation Bureau has successfully acquired, via monitoring, the information on expansion and changes of 10 cities of Shaanxi, ground surface settlement and subsidence of coal field and mining area in northern Shaanxi, the current situation of “restoring land to forest, forestation, desertification control and protection and management of Hongjiannao desert lake, the development activities in the northern slope of Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi as well as the geographic distribution of tailing ponds in Shaanxi in recent years, which were released in “White Paper on the Basic Geographic Conditions of Shaanxi (2011)” for the public. Zhejiang Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation Bureau has completed dynamic monitoring of the continental coastline, land area and mud flat resources as well as surveying of wetland resources, etc., providing fundamental reference for marine development and environmental protection. Chongqing Planning Bureau has completed monitoring of fundamental national geographic conditions, road traffic and urban construction, and the results have been used by the people’s government of Chongqing and relevant departments as authoritative data, thereby effectively providing services for urban-rural planning and construction of Chongqing. Sichuan, taking the demands for economic & social development in the area that was most severely hit by the earthquake, has completed the monitoring of national geographic conditions including the urbanization process, geological disaster, vegetation cover as well as the information on humanity and economy, etc. Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, has integrated and made the best of the results of the western mapping project, completed the general survey of national geographic conditions of landform and land cover of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as well as ecological & environmental monitoring at the Three-River Source Region, monitoring of fluctuation of typical glaciers and urban expansion, etc.

2. General survey of national geographic conditions

To fully grasp the current situation of national geographic conditions in China and satisfy the needs of economic & social development and ecological civilization construction in China, the State Council decided to carry out the first nationwide general survey of geographic conditions between 2013 and 2015. The general survey is designed to make a thorough investigation into the current situation and spatial distribution of the natural & human geographic elements of China, lay a solid foundation for frequent monitoring of national geographic conditions, satisfy the demands for economic & social development and ecological civilization construction, and enhance the service capability of the information on national geographic conditions for the government, enterprises and the general public.

Target of the general survey: surface natural & human geographic elements within the scope of the entire land territory of China.

Contents of the general survey: firstly, the basic conditions of the natural geographic elements, including location, scope and area of landform, vegetation cover, water area, desert and open ground, etc., and the spatial distribution of the above elements; secondly, the basic conditions of human graphic elements, including the category, location and scope of transportation network, habitation and facilities and geographic units and so on that are closely related to human activities, and the spatial distribution of the above elements.

Standard time of the general survey: June 30, 2015.

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